Being one of the most beautiful tourist spots in Asia, Bali is attracts more than 1.000.000 visitor from all over the world.Geographically , Bali is situated between the island Java and Lombok. Bali is a small tiny island, stretching approximately 140 km from west to east and 80 km from south to north.
Bali Islands Regency
The province of Bali is divided into nine regencies (eight regencies and one municipality) with its own capital. Buleleng covers an area of 1,365.88 km2 or about 24% of the Bali’s land. Jembrana covers an area of 841,80 km2 or about 14.94%, Karangasem 839,54 km2 or about 15% of Bali’s land, Badung 420,09 km2, Denpasar 123,98 km2, Gianyar 368 km2, Klungkung 315,00 km2 and Bangli 520,81 km2 or about 31%. The population is almost 3,6 million.
The tallest of a string of volcanic mountains that run from west to east is Gunung Agung Volcano, which last erupted in 1963. Located just 8 to 9 degrees south of the equator, Bali boasts a tropical climate with just two season ( wet and dry ) average temperature around 28C. the wide and gentle sloping southern regions play host to Bali’s Famed rice terraces, which are among some of the most spectacular in the world.
Balinese hindu women prayIn the hilly northern coastal regions, the main produce is coffee, copra, spices, vegetables, rice and cattle. Our Balinese have a very strong spiritual roots and despite the large influx of tourists over the year, their culture is still very much alive. The main religion in Bali is Agama Hindhu Dharma, which originally come from India, but compare to India, the way of practicing is different because the Hindhu in Bali has blend with Buddhist, Javanese and ancient indigenous beliefs.
Temple at Bali Islands
Balinese temple is a place of worship for Hindu. Each Hindu family has family temple to worship Hyang Widhi and their ancestors, so that there are thousands of temples in the island of Bali. Ritual or ceremony almost seen every day in Bali with 5 main ceremony covered : Ritual for God, Ancestor, Priest, Human life ceremony and for the evil spirits. The famous touristic area is kuta which is booming since 1970 because of the white beaches, nice surf and beautiful sunset. Today kuta is a major tourist destination, with hundreds of hotel, shops, bar and restaurants.
For those who looking for a little peace and quiet tend to head for more sedate resort of Sanur, Candidasa and Amed on the east coast. Nusa dua, on the southern most peninsula of the island, houses many five star hotels. The central village of Ubud, in the hilly region of Gianyar, has also blossomed as a tourist attraction and is now considered as the artistic and cultural center of Bali.
Traditional Balinese people bounded to social aspect of life such as :
- Obligation to worships God through a aprticular temple
- Obligation to worships God through a family temple or community temple
- Attached ownership of property which belong to aprticular Subak (irrigation system in Bali)
- To the social status based on varna
- To the closed relationships in line with patrilineal system
- To the memberships of certain group
- To the official administration sub district
Population is asset for development if you can maximise their potential, even though they could burden if they have no value or skill.